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Multi-state button to filter a table

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  • Multi-state button to filter a table

    After searching the manual and this forum, I'm still unsure about filtering a table. I want a multi-state button to set a filter on a table prior to printing a report. As there's no display of records on screen, I simply want this to operate on the current table, rather than a form display. Is there a:

    tbl.filter(lastname="Smith")

    sort of function somewhere, and if so, why can't I find it? In the xbasic manual index there are only two entries starting "filter" and neither of these helps. I'm fairly sure I'm being stupid, for which I apologise in advance.

    Martin.

  • #2
    RE: Multi-state button to filter a table

    Martin

    What you are looking for is a query. If you look through the documentation and search the forum for queries with variables, you should get enough informnation to do what you want.

    Jerry

    Comment


    • #3
      RE: Multi-state button to filter a table

      Martin, ch 13 of the xbasic Ref Manual may help, too.

      Code:
      :Report.preview("YourReportName" , "Lastname = 'smith' ")
      - tom

      Comment


      • #4
        RE: Multi-state button to filter a table

        Many thanks, Jerry and Tom. The preview() option is perfect for whatI'm doing at the moment, Tom, and Jerry has reminded me about queries. Lifesavers, both.

        Comment


        • #5
          RE: Multi-state button to filter a table

          Oh, dear! So near, yet, somehow, I can't quite get there!

          Look at this script, it's attached to a button on a small form. The form allows the user to select whether details of all clients or just those starting with a specific letter are printed. It's simpler than the CustomerBase form in the Invoicing sample app., (which I copied it from) as there is no browse, or, indeed, any client details shown at all. Just a multi-state button (containing A to Z choices), an "All Clients" button, and a "Print Preview" button (and a "Cancel" button).

          This code is attached to the "Print Preview" on-push:
          Code:
          ''xbasic
          if ltr="1" .or. ltr=""
          	:Report.preview("gstlist","","'lastname'+'firstname'")
          else
          	:Report.preview("gstlist","substr(guest->lastname,1,1)=VAR->ltr","'lastname'+'firstname'")
          end if
          
          ui_msg_box("TEST",VAR->ltr)
          
          END
          If I've clicked either nothing (when ltr="") or the "Show All" button (which assigns ltr="1"), everything previews ok.

          Otherwise, the second :Report.preview line is run. This gives the message: "Error occurred parsing filter expression. ltr not found". However, the final test line is then run, displaying the value of ltr, showing the letter selected. I've copied the line:

          :Report.preview("gstlist","substr(guest->lastname,1,1)=VAR->ltr","'lastname'+'firstname'")

          and run it interactively, and it works fine, displaying just the clients starting with whatever letter I selected.

          I'm baffled. The value of ltr displays in my ui_msg_box() test, but isn't recognised in the Report.preview(). But it IS recognised if run interactively!

          I'm sure this is just syntax, but however hard I stare at the screen I just can't see what I'm doing wrong! Help.

          Martin.

          Comment


          • #6
            RE: Multi-state button to filter a table

            Martin,

            Have you defined ltr to be a global variable.
            Try adding the following:

            dim global ltr as C
            ltr = parentform:ltr.value 'if ltr is present on the form

            you're close...

            Tom

            Comment


            • #7
              RE: Multi-state button to filter a table

              No, makes no difference, I'm afraid, Tom. What I can't understand is how ltr is recognised (both in the first line of the script, and in my ui_msg_box() test, but not in the filter.

              I keep changing things around but, although all the evidence suggests that ltr is correctly set to whatever key is pressed in the multi-state button, it is not recognised in the report.preview parameters.

              I'm stumped!

              (Again).

              Comment


              • #8
                RE: Multi-state button to filter a table

                At last! I don't know why (I'd welcome suggestions) but THIS works:

                Code:
                ''xbasic
                
                fltr=ltr
                
                if fltr="" .or. fltr="1"
                	:Report.preview("gstlist","","'lastname'+'firstname'")
                else
                	:Report.preview("gstlist","upper(substr(guest->lastname,1,1))=VAR->fltr","'lastname'+'firstname'")
                end if
                
                END
                In other words, COPYING ltr TO ANOTHER (fltr) VARIABLE makes it work. It HAS to be a new variable.

                Beats me, but at least it works.

                Martin.

                Comment

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